CITY OF TRUJILLO

Discover the City Of Trujillo in Extremadura
Spain's least populous and most unspoilt region

On a high granite tor in wild mountain-ringed country Trujillo sits in splendid isolation, its the 9th century Moorish castle giving way to a labyrinth of shady streets and open squares housing the rich architectural heritage of nobility, merchants and conquistadors

Just 132 miles from Madrid the diminutive City Of Trujillo is a world apart from the big bustling metropolis

Slow-paced and buzzing with energy, self aware and outward looking, ancient and full of youthful vitality. Continuously inhabited for over two millennia, Celts, Romans, Visigoths, Muslims and Christians have claimed the city their own

Here you will find tradition, innovation and tranquillity intertwined with all the exuberance of contemporary Spanish life


Festivals Galore

Our yoga events are scheduled during quiet times so you can enjoy Trujillo's intrinsic peace and quiet. However, as elsewhere in Spain Trujillo is given to numerous festivals.

Extend your stay and enjoy one of our many colourful fiestas. Check the right column for a selection of events unique to Trujillo

Casa Museo Pizarro, Trujillo

Trujillo has a wealth of historical buildings and museums where you can step back into the city's long and varied history

You can get information on all the city's monuments from the tourist office in the town square


Places to visit include

  • The medieval City with its towers, churches, manorial houses and leafy plazas
  • The Moorish Castle
  • Church and bell-towers of Santa Maria La Mayor
  • Church of Santiago
  • The Francisco Pizarro House
  • Fundación Salas in La Coria
Trujillo: Plaza mayor cafe

Trujillo and it's municipalities have between them over eigthy places where you can rest, refuel and take in the local atmosphere

The fancier places are around the town square and Calle Sillerias

For breakfast

the town square is the best option, especially the Victoria, Medievo and Nuria

Veggie

Typical of Spain, veggie options in Trujillo are limited outside of "Casa Yoga Mingo Ramos". However, Plaza Mayor and GLOSS, both in the town square, have a reasonable selection

If you're not veggie Number 7 in C/ Sillerias has a growing reputation for serving great traditional food with a modern twist. Or try Deleite, tucked away in a recess beside the Palacio De Piedras Albas. This very attractive deli / bar serves among the city's best cheeses, Iberico ham and a wide and discerning selection of wines and craft beers

Extremadura - ceramics

Trujillo is full of arts and crafts from local artesans spanning ceramics, jewelery in traditional and contemporary styles and beautifully embroidered shawls and other traditional items

Try Concepto & Forma in Avenida De La Coronación for contemporary jewelery and decorated ceramics from Sonia Her (Sonia has lived in the USA and speaks great English)

There are numerous delicatessens selling the region's specialities in cheeses, cured meats, sweets, wines and other delicacies. Extremadura is home to the smoky paprika. 100% locally grown is the obligatory! We'll show you where you can get it

There is a weekly market on thursdays where you can buy fresh local produce, a fantastic array of olives, general bargains and otherwise enjoy the atmosphere

There is also a number of supermarkets, including the French hypermarket E. Le'Clerc within walking distance of the town centre where you can stock up with goodies and buy speciality produce at more affordable prices


There are numerous opportunities for swimming and pool-side sun-bathing in Trujillo

Trujillo's outdoor municipal pool opens 15-June to 15 Sep. There are trees for shade, a lawn for sunning yourself and a good licenced bar-restaurant playing the latest cool tunes

Quiet times are between 2-5pm when the locals have their lunch and enjoy a siesta. Otherise enjoy the buzz of and young Trujillo making a bit of splash

You can buy day or weekly ticket allowing multiple entry

Or for a more laid-back experience you can walk to the Huertas De Animas pool

You'll find numerous hotels with private pools

Baciyelmo is our mid-range choice of with-pool place to stay. They have a longer season starting as soon as the weather is warm all the way to the autum

Upmarket hotels with pools include

  • Parador De Turismo
  • Casa De Orellana
  • Palacio De Chaves
  • Eurostar Palacio Santa Marta
  • Izán

Trujillo is the modern name of ancient Turgalium, named by the Romans but of Celtic origin

Archeological evidence points to Trujillo's castle sitting over Roman foundations

Roman Era

In the second century BCE, having freed themselves from the Carthagenian empire, the Romans arrive in Iberia making it a base for future projects and an indispensable granary for carrying these out

Turgalium becomes one of several camps built for the defence of the silver route from the northern mountains to the port of Seville. Iron, essential in celtic times takes second place to lead, silver, g, copper and other metals

Trujillo is eventually finds itself within the Roman province of Lusitania, who'se great capital Augusta Emerita (modern Merida) currently houses Spain's most prolific collection of Roman monuments

Relatively little remains of the Visigothic presence in the region, and Trujillo regained importance only with the arrival of the Muslims and the creation Al-Andalus

The Arabs invade Trujillo in the 8th Century CE and retain it until the Christian reconquest in 1232

Under their dominion, Trujillo becomes a fortification of great military and commercial might. The geographer Al-Idrisí says of it: "it is great and is like a fortress. Its walls are solidly built and its bazaars well stocked. Its inhabitants carry out continuous incursions into the Christians' lands"

During this time, the Muslims build their castle and fortifications and expand the infrastructure initiated by the Roman and Visigoths. They control all trade and military routes between the rivers Tagus to the north and Guadiana to the south

In the 11th century, with the formation of the Taifa kingdoms following the break-up of Al-Andalus, Alfonso VI takes Toledo from the Muslims posing a threat to Moorish Trujillo. Later, in the 12th century, the Castillian-Leonese monarch Alfonso VII crosses the Tagus and briefly takes control of several settlements, incluing Trujillo, but these are soon recovered by the Muslims under Abu-Jacob (1184)

Trujillo is eventually reconquered from Muslim rule by Fernando III on 25 of January, 1232

The 13th and 14th centuries was a period of increased tolerance and prosperity within Muslim rule

Muslims, Christians and Jews lived in relative harmony in a medieval multiculturalism which earned Trujillo the name of City of Three Cultures


The reconquest over, those involved in the military campaigns of the time are given certain privileges relating to self-determination and rights over their own properties. As a result, in 1256 Trujillo becomes a free locality, linked to the crown

In 1430 John II bestows upon Trujillo "city" status, entitling the city "most illustrious, most noble and most loyal"

Soon after, the same monarch imposes feudal rule when he entitles Don Álvaro de Luna First Duke Of Trujillo (1446-53). Later, he promises Trujillo to yet another nobleman, D. Álvaro de Zúñiga. This is met with a popular revolt headed by the mayor who refuses to hand over the city. The worthy nobleman is given Plasencia instead and the city of Trujillo remains noble, loyal and free

The Christian population was, like the monarch Alfonso VII, of Castillian - Leonese origin. These noblemen were moneyed, proud and bellicose

In the 15th century, tensions between the factions who had controlled the city since the reconquest come to a head. In response, the Catholic Monarchs ordered the pollarding of their towers so that they should not rise above other dwellings

Though initially unsuccessful, Isabel herself, during a visit to neighbouring Cáceres the following year reiterated the order and Trujillo was finally pacified with the arrival of the Queen in 1477

Architecturally the city has grown around two distinct centres: the walled city and the NEW town around the Plaza Mayor

Until the mid 14th century building was concentrated within the former. Here we find the castle and the est churches: Santa Maria, Santiago, San Andrés and La Vera Cruz (within the cemetery)


The Jewish quarter, established in the 13th century consisted of around 50 families and formed one the one of the largest Jewish settlements in Extremadura

The Jewish quarter sits just south of the present Plaza Mayor (Town Square). Little remains, but among the surviving elements are remnants of an synagogue


From the 15th century onward, driven by it's city status, building centres in the new town. Civic and private houses are built around an arcaded, irregular square which is also the market place. The names of some of the activities remain: "arcade of the bread", "arcade of the meat", "arcade of the cloth"


The 16th century is the great moment of architectural flowering

Nobles and merchants build around the square with a splendorous and ostentatious show of extravagant facades and coats of arms so that all may contemplate their wealth and grandeur

Buildings include the "Casa De La Cadena", (House of the Chain, currently a hotel and restaurant), Palacio De La Conquista (Palace Of The Conquest, built by Francisco Pizarro and his brothers after their conquest of Perú), Palacio de Piedras Albas (Palace of White Stones, currently a luxury holiday-rental) and Palacio de los Duques de San Carlos (Palace of the Dukes of Saint Carlos), currently in the hands of the present Duke

Renaissance houses continue to spring up within the walled city and beyond, including the Convent of Santa Clara, now a Luxury Hotel (Parador de Turismo)


Trujillo's decline begins in the 17th century after great damage from the great Lisbon earthquake

Being on a military route it also suffers much sacking and pillaging, including that occasioned by the Napoleonic forces, and loses much of its artistic wealth

Not until the mid 19th century does the city begin it's recovery which continues with ever increasing fervour through the 20th and into the 21st centuries with the rebuilding of the castle, city walls and many abandoned palaces, convents and churches, many of which are today's museums, public monuments and up-market places to stay

In contrast with other Spanish cities, Trujillo's modern expansion has been extraordinarily modest with much of the city considered to be in the " quarter"




TRUJILLO MAP

click above for a fuller map

FESTIVALS